JOHN HARRIS, EXPLORA:
One thing that many “tough” point-and-shoot cameras provide that DSLR or mirrorless camera cannot, without the addition of a specific macro lens, is close-up macro photo capability. There are some very affordable point-and-shoot cameras with macro function that enable simplified close focus with just a turn of a dial. While these macro functions are available on many compact point-and-shoots and are often recognized by a symbol of a flower, I prefer the ones available on the rugged, waterproof style of point-and-shoots.
In general, I use “tough” point-and-shoots because I am tough on my gear. The models that I prefer offer specific macro features that go beyond the standard point-and-shoot. The Olympus TG-5 Digital Camera provides Variable Macro functions, including Microscope, Microscope Control, Focus Stacking, and Focus Bracketing modes. Minimum focus distance for these macro modes is an incredible 1 cm. And because this camera can function to an underwater depth of 50' (15 m), it also offers an Underwater macro mode and, as mentioned, is tough enough to take macro shots on the beach, or to let the kids explore the microscopic world around them.
Read more, here.